Articles and Book Chapters

Articles and Book Chapters

2018a             "Mapping the Multinodal Terrain of the Indo-Pacific Region," Settimana (Rome).

2017a             “中国,东盟,和亚洲中心的再定位” [China, ASEAN, and the Re-Centering of Asia], 世界经济与政治 [World Economics and Politics] 2017:7 (July 2017), pp. 65-76.

2017b             “Xi Jinping and Continuing Political Reform in China,” Journal of Chinese Political Science 18:3 (September 2017), pp. 393-406.

2017c             "International Crises and China’s Rise: Comparing the 2008 Global Financial Crisis and the 2017 Global Political Crisis," Chinese Journal of International Politics 10:4 (November 2017), pp. 383-401.

2018b             Translated as “国际危机与中国的崛起:2008年全球金融危机与2017年全球政治危机比较,” 国外理论动态[Foreign Theoretical Trends] 2018:4, pp. 99-113. Tr. Zhou Yanhui.

2016c             “The Zone of Respect in the Chinese Party-State: A Preliminary Exploration,” China: An International Journal, 14:2 (May 2016), pp. 146-156.

2016d             “Rethinking the Washington-Beijing-Taipei Triangle: An American Perspective,” in Brantly Womack and Hao Yufan, eds., Rethinking the Triangle: Washington-Beijing-Taipei (University of Macau Press and World Scientific Press, 2016), pp. 3-40.

2016e             “China’s Influence in Asia: Sunshine or Shadow?”, The Asan Forum 4:3 (May-June 2016).

2016g             “Not Merely a Border: Borderland Governance, Development, and Trans-Border Relations in Asia,” (with Yuk Wah Chan), Asian Anthropology 15:2 (2016), pp. 95-103.

2017d                    Republished in Borderlands in East and Southeast Asia: Emergent Conditions, Relations and Prototypes (ed. with Yuk Wah Chan), Oxford: Routledge, 2017, pp. 1-9.

2016h             “Borders, Boundaries, Horizons, and Quemoy in an Asymmetric World,” Asian Anthropology 15:2 (2016), pp. 104-115.

2017e                    Republished in Borderlands in East and Southeast Asia: Emergent Conditions, Relations and Prototypes (ed. with Yuk Wah Chan), Oxford: Routledge, 2017, pp. 10-21.

2016i             “Asymmetric Parity: U.S.-China Relations in a Multinodal World,” International Affairs 92:6 (November 2016), pp. 1463-1480.

2016j             “Sustainable Rivalry: US-China Relations in a Multinodal World,” In Bo Zhiyue, ed., China-US Relations in Global Perspective (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2016), pp. 55-74.

2016k             “Managing the Vietnam-China-United States Triangle,” Vietnamese Studies 32: 1S (2016), pp. 1-12.

2015a             “China and the Future Status Quo,” Chinese Journal of International Politics 8:2 (Summer 2015), pp. 115-137.

2014a           (with Kezhou Spencer Xiao) “Information Distortion in China,” Journal of Contemporary China Vol. 23, No 88, July 2014, pp.1-18.

2014b           “China’s Future in a Multi-Nodal World Order,” Pacific Affairs 87:2 (June 2014), pp. 265-284.

2013a           “Global Trends and the Tasks of Comparative Politics,” Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 6:1 (March 2013), pp. 1-14.

2013c           “Beyond Win-win: Rethinking China’s International Relationships in Times of Economic Uncertainty,” International Affairs 89:4 (July 2013), pp. 911-928.

2013d           "Identity in Motion: Vietnam since 1986," Asia’s Middle Powers? The Identity and Regional Politics of South Korea and Vietnam (Washington: Brookings, 2013), pp. 115-134.

2013e           “清代亚洲非对称关系的层次与多样性” [Levels and Varieties of Asymmetry in Asia During the Qing Dynasty], 国际安全研究 Journal of International Security Studies 2013:4 (July 2013), pp. 135-144.

2013f            “分权, 政治包容与列宁主义政党末来: 对话布兰德利。沃马克,” [Separation of Powers, Political Inclusion, and the Future of Leninist Political Parties: A Conversation with Brantly Womack (with 闫健Yan Jian), 国外理论动态 [Foreign Theoretical Trends], no. 452, 2013:10 (October 2013), pp. 1-6.

2012a           “Asymmetry and China’s Tributary System,” The Chinese Journal of International Politics, Vol. 5, 2012, pp. 37–54

(2013b)         Translated as “非对称性与中国的朝贡体系,” 国际政治科学 [Quarterly Journal of International Politics] 2013:1 (January), pp. 33-54.

2011b           “Moderniser le parti-État en Chine et au Vietnam” (Modernizing the Party-State in China and Vietnam), Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée 18:1(Jan 2011), pp 69-85.

2011c          “东方与西方的‘天下’” (‘Tianxia’ East and West), Jilin Daxue Shehui Kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报 [Jilin University journal of social sciences] no. 224, 51:2 (March 2011), pp. 85-91.

2011d           “Asymmetric Rivals: China and Vietnam,” in Sumit Ganguli and William Thompson, eds., Asian Rivalries: Conflict, Escalation, and Limitations on Two-Level Games (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011), pp. 176-194.

2011e           “The Spratlys: From Dangerous Ground to Apple of Discord,” Contemporary South East Asia 33:3 2011), pp. 370-387.

2011f            “Modernization and the Sino-Vietnamese Model,” International Journal of China Studies 2:3 (August-September 2011), pp. 157-175.

(2013f)   Also published in Emile Kok-Kheng Yeoh, ed., China: Developmental Model, State-Societal Interplay,andForeign Relations (Kuala Lumpur: Institute of China Studies, 2013), pp. 61-82.

2010a           “Political Reform and Sustainable Development in China,” Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 3:1 (March 2010), pp. 32-54.

2010d           “From Urban Radical to Rural Revolutionary” in Timothy Cheek, ed., Cambridge Critical Introduction to Mao Zedong (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 61-86.

(2011g)  Translated as “从城市激进分子到农村革命家,” 现代哲学 [Contemporary Philosophy] 2011:5 (September 2011), pp. 46-55.

2010e           “China and Vietnam: Managing an Asymmetric Relationship in an Era of Economic Uncertainty,” Asian Politics and Policy 2:4 (November 2010), pp 583-600.

2010f           “Traditional China and the Globalization of International Relations Thinking,” in Zheng Yongnian, ed., China and International Relations: The Chinese View and the Contribution of Wang Gungwu (Routledge, 2010), pp 117-136.

2009a           “China between Region and World,” China Journal no. 61 (January 2009), pp. 1-20.

(2009i)    Translated by 魏书杰 as “Diqu yu shijie zhijiande Zhongguo 地区与世界之间的中国,” Xin Yuanjian新远见[New Thinking] 2009:5, pp. 31-47.

2009b           “Aubama Zongtong: Lishi yu Weilai 奥巴马总统:历史与未来” [President Obama: History and the Future], Jilin Daxue Shehui kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报[Jilin University journal of social sciences] 2009: 3 (May 2009), pp. 43-47.

(2009c)   Translated as “Tổng thống Obama: Lịch sử và Tương lai,” Vietnam Week January 22, 2009 (Vietnamnet,

2009e          "Vietnam and China in an Era of Economic Uncertainty," The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 36-2-09, September 7, 2009.

(2009g)   Translated as “Quan hệ Việt - Trung thời khủng hoảng kinh tế,” Vietnam Week September 9, 2009

2008a           “The United States and Sino-Vietnamese Relations,” Japan Focus, January 19, 2008.

(2008d)   Translated as HOA KỲ VÀ QUAN HỆ VIỆT NAM – TRUNG HOA,

                    Gio O, May 2008.

(2008h)   Translated as “Meiguo yu Zhong Yue Guanxi 美国与中越关系 Dongnanya zongheng东南亚纵横 [All-Round Southeast Asia] 2008: 12 no. 194 (December, 2008), pp. 3-7.

2008e           “China as a Normative Foreign Policy Actor,” in Nathalie Tocci, ed., Who is a Normative Foreign Policy Actor? The European Community and its Global Partners (Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, 2008), pp. 265-299.

(2008c)     Reproduced as Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS) Document no. 282, January 2008. 26 pp.

2007a           “Resolving Asymmetric Stalemate: The Case of the Tibet Question,” Journal of Contemporary China 16, no. 52 (August 2007), pp 443-460.

2007b           “Trends and Prospects,” in Katherine Kaup, ed., Understanding Contemporary Asia Pacific (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2007), pp. 425-436.

2007c          “Teoría de la asimetría y poderes regionales: los casos de India, Brasil, y Sudáfrica,” in Juan Tokatlian, ed., India, Brasil y Sudáfrica: El impacto de las nuevas potencias regionales (Buenos Aires: Libros de Zorzales, 2007), pp. 15-34.

2007d           “China, entre la region y el mundo,” El Debate Político 4:6-7 (October 2007), pp. 49-69.

2007e           “Zhongguo jueqi yu Meiguo: Quanli chiping yu wenming mohe 中国崛起与美国:权力持平与文明的磨合,” [China’s rise and the United States: power parity and the accommodation of civilizations], Waijiao Pinglun 外交评论 2007: 6 (issue no. 100) [Foreign Affairs Review] (December 2007), pp. 16-25.

2006g           “’Ruan quanli’pingxi ’软权力’评析” [A Comment on “soft power”]Jilin Daxue Shehui kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报[Jilin University journal of social sciences], 2006:5 (46:197 September 2006), pp. 66-71.

2005a           "The Brightest House: Civilization and Asymmetry," Journal of American Studies of Turkey 17 (Spring 2003), pp. 93-110.

2005b           “Democracy and the Governing Party (执政党): A Theoretical Perspective,” Journal of Chinese Political Science 10:1 (April 2005), pp. 23-42.

2005c           “Dancing Alone: A Hard Look at Soft Power,” Japan Focus (November 2005),

2004a           “China and Southeast Asia: Asymmetry, Leadership and Normalcy,” Pacific Affairs 76:3 (Winter 2003-4), pp. 529-548.

2004b           “Asymmetry Theory and China’s Concept of Multipolarity,” Journal of Contemporary China vol. 13, no. 39 (May 2004), pp. 351-366.

2004d           “China’s Southeast Asia policy: A Success Story for the Third Generation,” Cross-Strait and International Affairs Quarterly 1:1 (January 2004), pp. 161-184.

2004e           “Ke chixu de guoji lingdao quan: lai zi 968-1885 nian Zhong Yue guanxi de jingyan jiaoxun 可持续的国际领导权: 来自持68-1885年中越关系的经验教训,” [Sustainable International Leadership: Lessons from the Sino-Vietnamese relationship, 968-1885,] Shixue Jikan史学季刊 2004:1 (January 2004), pp. 3-14.

2004f            “Meiguo shili de xianshi yu juxian 美国实力的现实与局限,” [The reality and limits of American power], Jilin Daxue Shehui kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报[Jilin University journal of social sciences], 2004:1 (January-February), pp. 26-30.

(2004k)   Rep“The United States, human rights, and moral autonomy in the post-Cold War world.”rinted in Zhongguo Shehuikexue Wenzhai 中国社会科学文摘 [China social sciences digest] 27:3 (June 2004), pp. 53-55.

2004g           “The United States, human rights, and moral autonomy in the post-Cold War world.” In Robert Fatton and Ruhi Ramazani, eds., The Future of Liberal Democracy: Thomas Jefferson and the Contemporary World (London: Palgrave, 2004), pp. 255-270.

2004h           “Southeast Asia and American Strategic Options,” in James Hentz, ed., The Obligation of Empire: US Grand Strategy at Century’s Dawn, (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2004), pp. 175-196.

2004i           “Party-State Democracy and the Three Represents: A Theoretical Perspective,” in 政治文明与中国政治现代化 Political Civilization and Modernization in China, Vol. 3: 社会转型的政治空间科学 The Political Context of China’s Modernization (Beijing: 中国人民大学, 2004), pp. 157-178.

(2006h)   Translated in part as “Dang zheng minzhu yu ‘san ge daibiao’: Yi zhong lilun toushi 党政民主与’三个代表’:一种理论透视,” in Makesi zhuyi yu Xianshi 马克思主义与现实 [Marxism and Reality], 2006:1 (Jan-Feb 2006), pp. 185-187.

2004j           “Cong ‘Hunan nongmin yundong kaocha baogao’ kan Mao Zedong zhengzhi sixiang de fazhan 从’湖南农民运动会考察报告’看毛泽东政治思想的发展” [The development of Mao Zedong’s political thought from the ‘Report of an Investigation of the Hunan Peasant Movement], 湖南科技大学学报, 社会科学版 [Journal of Hunan Science and Technology University, Social Science edition] 2004:6, pp. 46-77.

2003a           "Asymmetry and Systemic Misperception: The Cases of China, Vietnam and Cambodia during the 1970s." Journal of Strategic Studies 26:2 (June, 2003), pp. 91-118.

2002b           “Preface,” Guoli Liu and Weixing Chen, eds., New Directions in Chinese Politics for the New Millennium (New York: Edwin Mellen, 2002), pp. 1-8.

2001a           “How Size Matters: The United States, China and Asymmetry.” Journal of Strategic Studies, 24:4 (December 2001), pp. 123-150.

(2002a)        Reprinted as “How Size Matters: The United States, China and Asymmetry.”  In Quansheng Zhao, ed., Future Trends in East Asian International Relations (London: Frank Cass, 2002), pp. 123-150.)

(2004c)        Reprinted as “How Size Matters: The United States, China and Asymmetry.”  In Guoli Liu, ed., Chinese Foreign Policy in Transition (New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 2004), pp. 73-101.

2001b           “China’s Border Trade and Its Relationship to the National Political Economy.” The American Asian Review 19:2 (Summer), pp. 31-48.

2001c          “Maoism.” In N. Smelser and P. Bates, eds., 2001 International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Oxford: Pergamon), pp. 9191-9193.

2001d           “Mao Before Maoism.” China Journal, no 46 (July), pp. 95-118.

(2001e)         Translated as “Mao Zedong zhuyi zhi qian di Mao Zedong 毛泽东主义之前的毛泽东 [Mao before Maoism].”  Shixue Jikan史学季刊 [Collected papers of history studies] 2001:2 (cumulative 83) April, pp. 85-91.

(2001f)          “Mao Zedong zhuyi zhi qian di Mao Zedong毛泽东主义之前的毛泽东 [Mao before Maoism].”  Reprinted in Zhongguo Xiandai Shi 中国现代史[Contemporary history of China] 2001:8 (August), pp. 140-146.

2000a           “International Relationships at the Border of China and Vietnam.”  Asian Survey 40:6 (December), pp. 981-986.

2000b           (with Gu Xiaosong) “Border Cooperation Between China and Vietnam in the 1990s.”  Asian Survey 40:6 (December), pp. 1042-1058.

2000c           “Bianjie maoyi di tedian ji qi yu guojia zhengzhi jingji di guanxi边界贸易的特点及其与国家政治经济的关系” [The General characteristics of border trade and its relationship to the national political economy].  Dongnanya zongheng东南亚纵横 [All-Round Southeast Asia] no. 71 (Academic Supplement), pp. 76-80.

2000d           “From Ptolemy to Copernicus: Internationalizing the University of Virginia.” Mike Abramson, ed., Towards the Global University: Redefining Excellence in the Third Millennium.  Lancashire: University of Central Lancashire, pp. 173-179.

1999a           "Zhongguo gongtong shehui yu xifang liyi shehui中国共同社会与西方利益社会" [Chinese community and Western society], in Shixue Jikan 史学季刊[Collected papers of history studies] 1999:4 (cumulative 77), pp. 39-46.

1998a           (with William Turley) “Asian Socialism’s Open Doors: Guangzhou and Ho Chi Minh City.” China Journal, no. 40 (July), pp. 95-120.

(1999b)  Reprinted in Anita Chan, Benedict Kerkvliet, and Jonathan Unger, eds., Transforming Asian Socialism: China and Vietnam Compared (Canberra, Allen and Unwin), pp. 73-97.

1998b         “China and Southeast Asia after the Cold War,” in Kenneth Thompson, ed., China, Taiwan, Japan, the United States, and the World (New York: University Press of America, 1998), pp. 29-48.

1997a           “Vietnam in 1996: Reform Immobilism.” Asian Survey, 37:1 (January), pp. 79-87.

1996a         "Vietnam in 1995: Successes in Peace."  Asian Survey, 36:1 (January), pp. 73-82.

1996b-1, 2, 3, 4          (with James Townsend) "Politics in China," in Gabriel Almond and G. Bingham Powell, Jr., ed., Comparative Politics Today:  A World View. 6th ed. New York: Harper Collins, pp. 438-491.

1996c           (with Tun Jen Cheng) "Informal Politics in Asia."  Asian Survey, 36:3 (March), pp. 320-337

1994a           "Sino-Vietnamese Border Trade: The Edge of Normalization." Asian Survey, 34:6 (June), pp. 495-512.

1994b           "Mao Zedong Thoughts."  China Quarterly no. 137 (March), pp. 159-167.

1994c           "Warlordism and Military Regionalism in China." In Richard H. Yang, Jason C. Hu, Peter K. H. Yu, and Andrew N. D. Yang, eds., Chinese Regionalism: Security Dimensions. Boulder: Westview, 1994.  pp. 21-43.

1994d           "Pushing the Envelope: Impressions from the China-Vietnam Border."  Vietnam Today no. 67 (February-May), pp. 4-5.

1994f-1, 2    (with Guangzhi Zhao), "The Many Worlds of China's Provinces:  Foreign Trade and Diversification."  In David S. G. Goodman and Gerald Segal, China Deconstructs: Politics, Trade and Regionalism.  London: Routledge, pp. 131-176.

1994g-1, 2   "The Problem of Isms: Pragmatic Orthodoxy and Liberalization in Mainland China."  Issues and Studies 30:12 (December), pp. 1-21.

1993a           "Political Reform and Political Change in the Communist World: Perspectives on Vietnam." In William Turley and Mark Selden, eds., Reinventing Socialism in Vietnam: Doi Moi in Comparative Perspective. Boulder: Westview, 1993. pp. 277-305.

(1995a) Published in translation as “Nhung cai cach va tay doi chinh tri o Viet Nam.” Tr. Nguyen Thi Thanh.  Thoi Nay [Vietnam Today Weekly], 2:47 (November 23), pp. 5-20.

1993b           "The Role of China in American-Vietnamese Relations," The American-Vietnamese Dialogue 8:2 (February ),  pp. 9-16.

1993c-1, 2, 3 "Asian Communism: Enigma Variations."  Miller Center Occasional Paper, no. 4.

1992b           (with Judy Batt, Adrian Hyde-Price, and Margot Light) "Foreign Policy Ideology." In Gerald Segal et al., Openness and Foreign Policy Reform in Communist States. London: Routledge, for the Royal Institute of International Affairs.  pp. 175-220.

1992c          "Political Reform in China in the 1980s: A Comparative Communist Perspective."  In Tatu Vanhanen, ed., Strategies of Democratization (New York: Taylor and Francis), pp. 152-175.

1992d                 "Reform in Vietnam: Backwards Towards the Future." Government and Opposition 27:2 (Spring), pp. 177-189.

1991b-1, 2   "In Search of Democracy: Public Authority and Popular Power in China."  In Brantly Womack, ed., Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical Perspective (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp. 53-89.

1991c          "Transfigured Community: Neo-Traditionalism and Work Unit Socialism in China."  China Quarterly. no. 126 (June), pp. 313-332.

1991d           (with James Townsend) "Politics in China" in Gabriel Almond and G. Bingham Powell, Jr., ed., Comparative Politics Today:  A World View. 5th ed. New York: Harper Collins.  pp.  408-461.

1991e           "China and Vietnam: Peace at Last?"  The World Today 47:10 (October ), pp. 164-166.

1990a         "The Dilemma of Centricity and Internationalism in China." In Chin-chuan Lee, ed., Voices of China , New York:  Guilford Publications, pp. 229-242.

1990b           "The Chinese Party-State"Problems of Communism no. 5 (Sept.- Oct.), pp. 84-92.

1989a-1, 2   "Party-State Democracy:  A Theoretical Exploration." Issues and Studies, 25:3 (March), pp. 37-57.

(1990c)                                                                                                       Reprinted in King-yuh Chang, ed., Mainland China after the Thirteenth Party Congress.  Boulder: Westview, 1990, pp. 11-29.

1989b           "Heroes, History and Recent Events in China." CCP Research Newsletter 1:3 (Summer), pp. 54-57.

1988a           (with James Townsend) "Politics in China," in Gabriel Almond and G. Bingham Powell, Jr., ed., Comparative Politics Today:  A World View. 4th ed. Glenview: Scott, Foresman & Co., pp.  371-423.

1988b           "Cambodia and Vietnam's Regional Future." In Vietnam Today.  The Asia Program of the Wilson Center, Occasional Paper no. 34 (Washington: The Smithsonian Institution), pp. 32-51.

1987a           "The Party and the People: Revolutionary and Post-Revolutionary Politics in China and Vietnam."  World Politics 39:4 (July), pp. 479-507.

1987b           "Stalemate in Indochina: The Case for Demilitarization." World Policy Journal 4:4 (Fall), 675-693.

1986c           "Where Mao Went Wrong: Politics and Epistemology in Mao's Leftism."  Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs (July), pp.  24-40.  Translated in part in: Guowai shehui kexue xinxi (News on foreign social sciences), March, 1989.

1984           "Modernization and Democratic Reform in China."  Journal of Asian Studies 43:3 (May), pp. 417-440.

1982b           "The 1980 County-Level Elections in China: Experiment in Democratic Modernization."  Asian Survey 22:3 (March), pp. 261-277.

1982c         "The Historical Shaping of Mao Zedong's Political Thought."  In F. J. Adelman, ed., Contemporary Chinese Philosophy The Hague: M. Nijhoff, pp. 27-61.

1981a           "Chinese Political Economy: Reversing the Polarity"Pacific Affairs 52:1 (Spring), pp. 57-81.

1981b          "Attention Maps of Ten Major Newspapers".  Journalism Quarterly 58:2 (Summer), pp. 560-565.

1979a           "Politics and Epistemology in China Since Mao".  China Quarterly 80 (Winter), pp. 763-792.

1979b-1, 2    The Phases of Chinese Modernization.  In Steve Chin, ed., Modernization in China.  Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp.  1-15.

1977-1, 2      Some Parameters of the Chinese Revolution and the Nature of Mao Tse-tung's Revolutionary Paradigm.  In J. G. A. Pocock, ed., Proceedings of the Conference for the Study of Political Thought: East Asian Political Thought, (35 pp.).

1975            "An Interpretation of Frederic Wakeman's History and Will"  Journal of Asian Studies 34:4 (August), pp. 1021-1026.

1974             "Theory and Practice in the Thought of Mao Tse-tung". In James Hsiung, ed., The Logic of Maoism.  New York: Praeger, pp. 1-38.