Articles and Book Chapters
2018a "Mapping the Multinodal Terrain of the Indo-Pacific Region," Settimana (Rome).
2017a “中国，东盟，和亚洲中心的再定位” [China, ASEAN, and the Re-Centering of Asia], 世界经济与政治 [World Economics and Politics] 2017:7 (July 2017), pp. 65-76.
2017b “Xi Jinping and Continuing Political Reform in China,” Journal of Chinese Political Science 18:3 (September 2017), pp. 393-406.
2017c "International Crises and China’s Rise: Comparing the 2008 Global Financial Crisis and the 2017 Global Political Crisis," Chinese Journal of International Politics 10:4 (November 2017), pp. 383-401.
2018b Translated as “国际危机与中国的崛起：2008年全球金融危机与2017年全球政治危机比较,” 国外理论动态[Foreign Theoretical Trends] 2018:4, pp. 99-113. Tr. Zhou Yanhui.
2016c “The Zone of Respect in the Chinese Party-State: A Preliminary Exploration,” China: An International Journal, 14:2 (May 2016), pp. 146-156.
2016d “Rethinking the Washington-Beijing-Taipei Triangle: An American Perspective,” in Brantly Womack and Hao Yufan, eds., Rethinking the Triangle: Washington-Beijing-Taipei (University of Macau Press and World Scientific Press, 2016), pp. 3-40.
2016e “China’s Influence in Asia: Sunshine or Shadow?”, The Asan Forum 4:3 (May-June 2016).
2016g “Not Merely a Border: Borderland Governance, Development, and Trans-Border Relations in Asia,” (with Yuk Wah Chan), Asian Anthropology 15:2 (2016), pp. 95-103.
2017d Republished in Borderlands in East and Southeast Asia: Emergent Conditions, Relations and Prototypes (ed. with Yuk Wah Chan), Oxford: Routledge, 2017, pp. 1-9.
2016h “Borders, Boundaries, Horizons, and Quemoy in an Asymmetric World,” Asian Anthropology 15:2 (2016), pp. 104-115.
2017e Republished in Borderlands in East and Southeast Asia: Emergent Conditions, Relations and Prototypes (ed. with Yuk Wah Chan), Oxford: Routledge, 2017, pp. 10-21.
2016i “Asymmetric Parity: U.S.-China Relations in a Multinodal World,” International Affairs 92:6 (November 2016), pp. 1463-1480.
2016j “Sustainable Rivalry: US-China Relations in a Multinodal World,” In Bo Zhiyue, ed., China-US Relations in Global Perspective (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2016), pp. 55-74.
2016k “Managing the Vietnam-China-United States Triangle,” Vietnamese Studies 32: 1S (2016), pp. 1-12.
2015a “China and the Future Status Quo,” Chinese Journal of International Politics 8:2 (Summer 2015), pp. 115-137.
2014a (with Kezhou Spencer Xiao) “Information Distortion in China,” Journal of Contemporary China Vol. 23, No 88, July 2014, pp.1-18.
2014b “China’s Future in a Multi-Nodal World Order,” Pacific Affairs 87:2 (June 2014), pp. 265-284.
2013a “Global Trends and the Tasks of Comparative Politics,” Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 6:1 (March 2013), pp. 1-14.
2013c “Beyond Win-win: Rethinking China’s International Relationships in Times of Economic Uncertainty,” International Affairs 89:4 (July 2013), pp. 911-928.
2013d "Identity in Motion: Vietnam since 1986," Asia’s Middle Powers? The Identity and Regional Politics of South Korea and Vietnam (Washington: Brookings, 2013), pp. 115-134.
2013e “清代亚洲非对称关系的层次与多样性” [Levels and Varieties of Asymmetry in Asia During the Qing Dynasty], 国际安全研究 Journal of International Security Studies 2013:4 (July 2013), pp. 135-144.
2013f “分权， 政治包容与列宁主义政党末来： 对话布兰德利。沃马克,” [Separation of Powers, Political Inclusion, and the Future of Leninist Political Parties: A Conversation with Brantly Womack (with 闫健Yan Jian), 国外理论动态 [Foreign Theoretical Trends], no. 452, 2013:10 (October 2013), pp. 1-6.
2012a “Asymmetry and China’s Tributary System,” The Chinese Journal of International Politics, Vol. 5, 2012, pp. 37–54
(2013b) Translated as “非对称性与中国的朝贡体系,” 国际政治科学 [Quarterly Journal of International Politics] 2013:1 (January), pp. 33-54.
2011b “Moderniser le parti-État en Chine et au Vietnam” (Modernizing the Party-State in China and Vietnam), Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée 18:1(Jan 2011), pp 69-85.
2011c “东方与西方的‘天下’” (‘Tianxia’ East and West), Jilin Daxue Shehui Kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报 [Jilin University journal of social sciences] no. 224, 51:2 (March 2011), pp. 85-91.
2011d “Asymmetric Rivals: China and Vietnam,” in Sumit Ganguli and William Thompson, eds., Asian Rivalries: Conflict, Escalation, and Limitations on Two-Level Games (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011), pp. 176-194.
2011e “The Spratlys: From Dangerous Ground to Apple of Discord,” Contemporary South East Asia 33:3 2011), pp. 370-387.
2011f “Modernization and the Sino-Vietnamese Model,” International Journal of China Studies 2:3 (August-September 2011), pp. 157-175.
(2013f) Also published in Emile Kok-Kheng Yeoh, ed., China: Developmental Model, State-Societal Interplay,andForeign Relations (Kuala Lumpur: Institute of China Studies, 2013), pp. 61-82.
2010a “Political Reform and Sustainable Development in China,” Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 3:1 (March 2010), pp. 32-54.
2010d “From Urban Radical to Rural Revolutionary” in Timothy Cheek, ed., Cambridge Critical Introduction to Mao Zedong (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 61-86.
(2011g) Translated as “从城市激进分子到农村革命家,” 现代哲学 [Contemporary Philosophy] 2011:5 (September 2011), pp. 46-55.
2010e “China and Vietnam: Managing an Asymmetric Relationship in an Era of Economic Uncertainty,” Asian Politics and Policy 2:4 (November 2010), pp 583-600.
2010f “Traditional China and the Globalization of International Relations Thinking,” in Zheng Yongnian, ed., China and International Relations: The Chinese View and the Contribution of Wang Gungwu (Routledge, 2010), pp 117-136.
2009a “China between Region and World,” China Journal no. 61 (January 2009), pp. 1-20.
(2009i) Translated by 魏书杰 as “Diqu yu shijie zhijiande Zhongguo 地区与世界之间的中国,” Xin Yuanjian新远见[New Thinking] 2009:5, pp. 31-47.
2009b “Aubama Zongtong: Lishi yu Weilai 奥巴马总统:历史与未来” [President Obama: History and the Future], Jilin Daxue Shehui kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报[Jilin University journal of social sciences] 2009: 3 (May 2009), pp. 43-47.
(2009c) Translated as “Tổng thống Obama: Lịch sử và Tương lai,” Vietnam Week January 22, 2009 (Vietnamnet,
2009e "Vietnam and China in an Era of Economic Uncertainty," The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 36-2-09, September 7, 2009.
(2009g) Translated as “Quan hệ Việt - Trung thời khủng hoảng kinh tế,” Vietnam Week September 9, 2009
2008a “The United States and Sino-Vietnamese Relations,” Japan Focus, January 19, 2008.
(2008d) Translated as HOA KỲ VÀ QUAN HỆ VIỆT NAM – TRUNG HOA,
Gio O, May 2008.
(2008h) Translated as “Meiguo yu Zhong Yue Guanxi 美国与中越关系 Dongnanya zongheng东南亚纵横 [All-Round Southeast Asia] 2008: 12 no. 194 (December, 2008), pp. 3-7.
2008e “China as a Normative Foreign Policy Actor,” in Nathalie Tocci, ed., Who is a Normative Foreign Policy Actor? The European Community and its Global Partners (Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, 2008), pp. 265-299.
(2008c) Reproduced as Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS) Document no. 282, January 2008. 26 pp.
2007a “Resolving Asymmetric Stalemate: The Case of the Tibet Question,” Journal of Contemporary China 16, no. 52 (August 2007), pp 443-460.
2007b “Trends and Prospects,” in Katherine Kaup, ed., Understanding Contemporary Asia Pacific (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2007), pp. 425-436.
2007c “Teoría de la asimetría y poderes regionales: los casos de India, Brasil, y Sudáfrica,” in Juan Tokatlian, ed., India, Brasil y Sudáfrica: El impacto de las nuevas potencias regionales (Buenos Aires: Libros de Zorzales, 2007), pp. 15-34.
2007d “China, entre la region y el mundo,” El Debate Político 4:6-7 (October 2007), pp. 49-69.
2007e “Zhongguo jueqi yu Meiguo: Quanli chiping yu wenming mohe 中国崛起与美国：权力持平与文明的磨合,” [China’s rise and the United States: power parity and the accommodation of civilizations], Waijiao Pinglun 外交评论 2007: 6 (issue no. 100) [Foreign Affairs Review] (December 2007), pp. 16-25.
2006g “’Ruan quanli’pingxi ’软权力’评析” [A Comment on “soft power”], Jilin Daxue Shehui kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报[Jilin University journal of social sciences], 2006:5 (46:197 September 2006), pp. 66-71.
2005a "The Brightest House: Civilization and Asymmetry," Journal of American Studies of Turkey 17 (Spring 2003), pp. 93-110.
2005b “Democracy and the Governing Party (执政党): A Theoretical Perspective,” Journal of Chinese Political Science 10:1 (April 2005), pp. 23-42.
2005c “Dancing Alone: A Hard Look at Soft Power,” Japan Focus (November 2005), http://japanfocus.org/products/details/1975
2004a “China and Southeast Asia: Asymmetry, Leadership and Normalcy,” Pacific Affairs 76:3 (Winter 2003-4), pp. 529-548.
2004b “Asymmetry Theory and China’s Concept of Multipolarity,” Journal of Contemporary China vol. 13, no. 39 (May 2004), pp. 351-366.
2004d “China’s Southeast Asia policy: A Success Story for the Third Generation,” Cross-Strait and International Affairs Quarterly 1:1 (January 2004), pp. 161-184.
2004e “Ke chixu de guoji lingdao quan: lai zi 968-1885 nian Zhong Yue guanxi de jingyan jiaoxun 可持续的国际领导权: 来自持68-1885年中越关系的经验教训,” [Sustainable International Leadership: Lessons from the Sino-Vietnamese relationship, 968-1885,] Shixue Jikan史学季刊 2004:1 (January 2004), pp. 3-14.
2004f “Meiguo shili de xianshi yu juxian 美国实力的现实与局限,” [The reality and limits of American power], Jilin Daxue Shehui kexue Xuebao 吉林大学社会科学学报[Jilin University journal of social sciences], 2004:1 (January-February), pp. 26-30.
(2004k) Rep“The United States, human rights, and moral autonomy in the post-Cold War world.”rinted in Zhongguo Shehuikexue Wenzhai 中国社会科学文摘 [China social sciences digest] 27:3 (June 2004), pp. 53-55.
2004g “The United States, human rights, and moral autonomy in the post-Cold War world.” In Robert Fatton and Ruhi Ramazani, eds., The Future of Liberal Democracy: Thomas Jefferson and the Contemporary World (London: Palgrave, 2004), pp. 255-270.
2004h “Southeast Asia and American Strategic Options,” in James Hentz, ed., The Obligation of Empire: US Grand Strategy at Century’s Dawn, (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2004), pp. 175-196.
2004i “Party-State Democracy and the Three Represents: A Theoretical Perspective,” in 政治文明与中国政治现代化 Political Civilization and Modernization in China, Vol. 3: 社会转型的政治空间科学 The Political Context of China’s Modernization (Beijing: 中国人民大学, 2004), pp. 157-178.
(2006h) Translated in part as “Dang zheng minzhu yu ‘san ge daibiao’: Yi zhong lilun toushi 党政民主与’三个代表’:一种理论透视,” in Makesi zhuyi yu Xianshi 马克思主义与现实 [Marxism and Reality], 2006:1 (Jan-Feb 2006), pp. 185-187.
2004j “Cong ‘Hunan nongmin yundong kaocha baogao’ kan Mao Zedong zhengzhi sixiang de fazhan 从’湖南农民运动会考察报告’看毛泽东政治思想的发展” [The development of Mao Zedong’s political thought from the ‘Report of an Investigation of the Hunan Peasant Movement], 湖南科技大学学报, 社会科学版 [Journal of Hunan Science and Technology University, Social Science edition] 2004:6, pp. 46-77.
2003a "Asymmetry and Systemic Misperception: The Cases of China, Vietnam and Cambodia during the 1970s." Journal of Strategic Studies 26:2 (June, 2003), pp. 91-118.
2002b “Preface,” Guoli Liu and Weixing Chen, eds., New Directions in Chinese Politics for the New Millennium (New York: Edwin Mellen, 2002), pp. 1-8.
2001a “How Size Matters: The United States, China and Asymmetry.” Journal of Strategic Studies, 24:4 (December 2001), pp. 123-150.
(2002a) Reprinted as “How Size Matters: The United States, China and Asymmetry.” In Quansheng Zhao, ed., Future Trends in East Asian International Relations (London: Frank Cass, 2002), pp. 123-150.)
(2004c) Reprinted as “How Size Matters: The United States, China and Asymmetry.” In Guoli Liu, ed., Chinese Foreign Policy in Transition (New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 2004), pp. 73-101.
2001b “China’s Border Trade and Its Relationship to the National Political Economy.” The American Asian Review 19:2 (Summer), pp. 31-48.
2001c “Maoism.” In N. Smelser and P. Bates, eds., 2001 International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Oxford: Pergamon), pp. 9191-9193.
2001d “Mao Before Maoism.” China Journal, no 46 (July), pp. 95-118.
(2001e) Translated as “Mao Zedong zhuyi zhi qian di Mao Zedong 毛泽东主义之前的毛泽东 [Mao before Maoism].” Shixue Jikan史学季刊 [Collected papers of history studies] 2001:2 (cumulative 83) April, pp. 85-91.
(2001f) “Mao Zedong zhuyi zhi qian di Mao Zedong毛泽东主义之前的毛泽东 [Mao before Maoism].” Reprinted in Zhongguo Xiandai Shi 中国现代史[Contemporary history of China] 2001:8 (August), pp. 140-146.
2000a “International Relationships at the Border of China and Vietnam.” Asian Survey 40:6 (December), pp. 981-986.
2000b (with Gu Xiaosong) “Border Cooperation Between China and Vietnam in the 1990s.” Asian Survey 40:6 (December), pp. 1042-1058.
2000c “Bianjie maoyi di tedian ji qi yu guojia zhengzhi jingji di guanxi边界贸易的特点及其与国家政治经济的关系” [The General characteristics of border trade and its relationship to the national political economy]. Dongnanya zongheng东南亚纵横 [All-Round Southeast Asia] no. 71 (Academic Supplement), pp. 76-80.
2000d “From Ptolemy to Copernicus: Internationalizing the University of Virginia.” Mike Abramson, ed., Towards the Global University: Redefining Excellence in the Third Millennium. Lancashire: University of Central Lancashire, pp. 173-179.
1999a "Zhongguo gongtong shehui yu xifang liyi shehui中国共同社会与西方利益社会" [Chinese community and Western society], in Shixue Jikan 史学季刊[Collected papers of history studies] 1999:4 (cumulative 77), pp. 39-46.
1998a (with William Turley) “Asian Socialism’s Open Doors: Guangzhou and Ho Chi Minh City.” China Journal, no. 40 (July), pp. 95-120.
(1999b) Reprinted in Anita Chan, Benedict Kerkvliet, and Jonathan Unger, eds., Transforming Asian Socialism: China and Vietnam Compared (Canberra, Allen and Unwin), pp. 73-97.
1998b “China and Southeast Asia after the Cold War,” in Kenneth Thompson, ed., China, Taiwan, Japan, the United States, and the World (New York: University Press of America, 1998), pp. 29-48.
1997a “Vietnam in 1996: Reform Immobilism.” Asian Survey, 37:1 (January), pp. 79-87.
1996a "Vietnam in 1995: Successes in Peace." Asian Survey, 36:1 (January), pp. 73-82.
1996c (with Tun Jen Cheng) "Informal Politics in Asia." Asian Survey, 36:3 (March), pp. 320-337
1994a "Sino-Vietnamese Border Trade: The Edge of Normalization." Asian Survey, 34:6 (June), pp. 495-512.
1994b "Mao Zedong Thoughts." China Quarterly no. 137 (March), pp. 159-167.
1994c "Warlordism and Military Regionalism in China." In Richard H. Yang, Jason C. Hu, Peter K. H. Yu, and Andrew N. D. Yang, eds., Chinese Regionalism: Security Dimensions. Boulder: Westview, 1994. pp. 21-43.
1994d "Pushing the Envelope: Impressions from the China-Vietnam Border." Vietnam Today no. 67 (February-May), pp. 4-5.
1994f-1, 2 (with Guangzhi Zhao), "The Many Worlds of China's Provinces: Foreign Trade and Diversification." In David S. G. Goodman and Gerald Segal, China Deconstructs: Politics, Trade and Regionalism. London: Routledge, pp. 131-176.
1993a "Political Reform and Political Change in the Communist World: Perspectives on Vietnam." In William Turley and Mark Selden, eds., Reinventing Socialism in Vietnam: Doi Moi in Comparative Perspective. Boulder: Westview, 1993. pp. 277-305.
(1995a) Published in translation as “Nhung cai cach va tay doi chinh tri o Viet Nam.” Tr. Nguyen Thi Thanh. Thoi Nay [Vietnam Today Weekly], 2:47 (November 23), pp. 5-20.
1993b "The Role of China in American-Vietnamese Relations," The American-Vietnamese Dialogue 8:2 (February ), pp. 9-16.
1992b (with Judy Batt, Adrian Hyde-Price, and Margot Light) "Foreign Policy Ideology." In Gerald Segal et al., Openness and Foreign Policy Reform in Communist States. London: Routledge, for the Royal Institute of International Affairs. pp. 175-220.
1992c "Political Reform in China in the 1980s: A Comparative Communist Perspective." In Tatu Vanhanen, ed., Strategies of Democratization (New York: Taylor and Francis), pp. 152-175.
1992d "Reform in Vietnam: Backwards Towards the Future." Government and Opposition 27:2 (Spring), pp. 177-189.
1991b-1, 2 "In Search of Democracy: Public Authority and Popular Power in China." In Brantly Womack, ed., Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical Perspective (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp. 53-89.
1991c "Transfigured Community: Neo-Traditionalism and Work Unit Socialism in China." China Quarterly. no. 126 (June), pp. 313-332.
1991d (with James Townsend) "Politics in China" in Gabriel Almond and G. Bingham Powell, Jr., ed., Comparative Politics Today: A World View. 5th ed. New York: Harper Collins. pp. 408-461.
1991e "China and Vietnam: Peace at Last?" The World Today 47:10 (October ), pp. 164-166.
1990a "The Dilemma of Centricity and Internationalism in China." In Chin-chuan Lee, ed., Voices of China , New York: Guilford Publications, pp. 229-242.
1990b "The Chinese Party-State", Problems of Communism no. 5 (Sept.- Oct.), pp. 84-92.
(1990c) Reprinted in King-yuh Chang, ed., Mainland China after the Thirteenth Party Congress. Boulder: Westview, 1990, pp. 11-29.
1989b "Heroes, History and Recent Events in China." CCP Research Newsletter 1:3 (Summer), pp. 54-57.
1988a (with James Townsend) "Politics in China," in Gabriel Almond and G. Bingham Powell, Jr., ed., Comparative Politics Today: A World View. 4th ed. Glenview: Scott, Foresman & Co., pp. 371-423.
1988b "Cambodia and Vietnam's Regional Future." In Vietnam Today. The Asia Program of the Wilson Center, Occasional Paper no. 34 (Washington: The Smithsonian Institution), pp. 32-51.
1987a "The Party and the People: Revolutionary and Post-Revolutionary Politics in China and Vietnam." World Politics 39:4 (July), pp. 479-507.
1987b "Stalemate in Indochina: The Case for Demilitarization." World Policy Journal 4:4 (Fall), 675-693.
1986c "Where Mao Went Wrong: Politics and Epistemology in Mao's Leftism." Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs (July), pp. 24-40. Translated in part in: Guowai shehui kexue xinxi (News on foreign social sciences), March, 1989.
1984 "Modernization and Democratic Reform in China." Journal of Asian Studies 43:3 (May), pp. 417-440.
1982b "The 1980 County-Level Elections in China: Experiment in Democratic Modernization." Asian Survey 22:3 (March), pp. 261-277.
1982c "The Historical Shaping of Mao Zedong's Political Thought." In F. J. Adelman, ed., Contemporary Chinese Philosophy The Hague: M. Nijhoff, pp. 27-61.
1981a "Chinese Political Economy: Reversing the Polarity". Pacific Affairs 52:1 (Spring), pp. 57-81.
1981b "Attention Maps of Ten Major Newspapers". Journalism Quarterly 58:2 (Summer), pp. 560-565.
1979a "Politics and Epistemology in China Since Mao". China Quarterly 80 (Winter), pp. 763-792.
1977-1, 2 Some Parameters of the Chinese Revolution and the Nature of Mao Tse-tung's Revolutionary Paradigm. In J. G. A. Pocock, ed., Proceedings of the Conference for the Study of Political Thought: East Asian Political Thought, (35 pp.).
1975 "An Interpretation of Frederic Wakeman's History and Will" Journal of Asian Studies 34:4 (August), pp. 1021-1026.
1974 "Theory and Practice in the Thought of Mao Tse-tung". In James Hsiung, ed., The Logic of Maoism. New York: Praeger, pp. 1-38.